The Island has recently updated its lists of animals and plants listed under the Endangered Species Order 2011. This controls the movement of various rare and endangered species on or off the Island. Controls cover live or dead specimens, but also products manufactured from listed species, such as items made from various exotic hardwoods, herbal products and elephant and walrus ivory.
The new lists within the Order, which is managed by the Department of Environment, Food and Agriculture (DEFA), take account of changes made at the 16th Conference of the countries signed-up to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Flora and Fauna (CITES) which was held in Bangkok in March this year.
Changes to the list include the West African manatee, which is subject to multiple threats, and which has been uplisted from Appendix II to I (restricting international trade to non-commercial purposes). New Zealand green geckos and the beautiful Mangshan pit viper have also been listed on Appendix II (requiring a permit for all international trade) and a number of terrapins and turtles in high demand in trade, or subject to overexploitation have been listed, or uplisted, due to further decline. A number of hardwoods have been listed, many from Madagascar, but also rosewoods from south-east Asia and South America, and east African sandalwood, due to high levels of exploitation. In the marine environment, some sharks and Manta rays have been listed, including the porbeagle shark. The finning industry is implicated in declines in some of these species, such as the oceanic white-tip shark and some hammerhead species.
On the other side of the process, a number of species believed extinct have been deleted from the lists, including one only described as a species in 1984, the Northern gastric brooding frog of Australia, and including a number of marsupials, such as the thylacine, pig-footed bandicoot and buff-nosed rat kangaroo. There have also been a few deletions due to lack of ongoing need for listing, such as the Corsican swallowtail butterfly and the Laguna Beach liveforever, which are not subject to international trade, and similarly some species of Tillandsia bromeliads, for which trade is now recorded only for artificially propagated specimens.
Mrs Cannell MHK, Member for Forestry Amenity and Lands, which manages the legislation, said, “It is important that we keep these lists up to date and relevant to changing conservation requirements so that we can do our bit for international conservation. Manx residents often trade in CITES specimens, just as many others do around the world and this legislation is there to ensure that this is sustainable. There are Manx species, such as orchids and various birds of prey, on these lists and we hope that other jurisdictions will take the same precautions if our species are affected.”
Anyone trading in wildlife specimens or moving them across borders, including movements to and from the UK, is advised to check the current lists which are available to view as hard copies at DEFA headquarters in St John’s and the Tynwald Library, or they can be viewed online (Commission Regulation (EU) No 750/2013 Annexes A, B and C). Permit provision for import or export should be discussed with the Department.